Video traffic is set to overtake peer-to-peer as the top internet traffic contributor by the end of this year and the total global online video community will exceed 1bn users by 2014, according to a new forecast by Cisco.
The annual Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI) Forecast, 2009-2014, which projects that global internet traffic will increase more than fourfold to 767 exabytes, or more than 3/4 of a Zettabyte, by 2014.
This amount is 100 exabytes higher than the projected level in 2013, or an increase the equivalent of 10 times all the traffic traversing Internet Protocol networks in 2008.
The main drivers will be video, 3D TV and HD TV. For the first time consumer demand for bandwidth will actually exceed that of the business world.
The growth in traffic will continue to be dominated by video, exceeding 91pc of global consumer IP traffic by 2014. Improvements in network bandwidth capacity and Internet speeds, along with the increasing popularity of HDTV and 3DTV are key factors expecting to quadruple IP traffic from 2009 to 2014.
Global IP traffic is expected to increase more than fourfold (4.3 times) from 2009 to 2014, reaching 63.9 exabytes per month in 2014, up from approximately 56 exabytes per month in 2013. This is equivalent to 766.8 exabytes per year – almost three-quarters of a zettabyte, by 2014.
The nearly 64 exabytes of global IP traffic per month projected for 2014 is equivalent to:
· 16 billion DVDs
· 21 trillion MP3s
· 399 quadrillion text messages
Regional IP Traffic Trends
By 2014, the highest IP-traffic generating regions will be North America (19.0 exabytes per month), Asia Pacific (17.4 exabytes per month), Western Europe (16.2 exabytes per month) and Japan (4.3 exabytes per month).
The fastest growing IP-traffic regions for the forecast period (2009-2014) are Latin America (51pc compound annual growth rate [CAGR], 7.9-fold growth), the Middle East and Africa (45pc CAGR, 6.5-fold growth), and Central Europe (38pc CAGR, 5.1-fold growth).
Primary Growth Driver: Video
By 2014, the sum of all forms of video (TV, VoD, Internet video, and peer-to-peer) will continue to exceed 91pc of global consumer traffic.
Global Internet video traffic will surpass global peer-to-peer traffic by the end of 2010. For the first time in the last 10 years, peer-to-peer traffic will not be the largest Internet traffic type.
The global online video community will include more than 1 billion users by the end of 2010. By 2014, it would take more than two years to watch the amount of video that will cross global IP networks every second; to watch all the video crossing the network that year would take 72 million years.
3DTV and HD
Globally, advanced video traffic, including three-dimensional (3-D) and high-definition TV (HDTV), is projected to increase 13 times between 2009 and 2014. By 2014, 3-D is expected to account for 4pc of total Internet video traffic.
By 2014, 3-D and HD video is forecast to comprise 42pc of total consumer Internet video traffic.
Global file sharing traffic is projected to reach 11 exabytes per month in 2014, 22pc CAGR from 2009-2014. P2P will grow at a CAGR of 16pc, while web-based and other file sharing will grow at CAGR of 47pc from 2009-2014.
By 2014, global P2P traffic will be 17pc of global consumer Internet traffic, down from 36pc in 2009.
Global business IP Traffic is forecast to reach 7.7 exabytes per month in 2014, more than tripling from 2009-2014. Business video conferencing is projected grow ten-fold over the forecast period, growing almost three times as fast as overall business IP traffic, at a CAGR of 57pc from 2009-2014.
Web-based video conferencing is the fastest growing sub-category, growing 180-fold from 2009-2014 (183pc CAGR from 2009-2014).
Global mobile data traffic will increase 39 times from 2009 to 2014. By 2014, annual global mobile data traffic will reach 3.5 exabytes per month (or a run rate of more than 42 exabytes annually).
Consumer IP traffic is projected to grow faster than business:
· For 2009, consumer IP traffic represented 79pc of monthly total global IP traffic and business IP traffic was 21pc of monthly total global IP traffic.
· By 2014, consumer IP traffic (web surfing, instant messaging, user-generated videos, etc.) will represent 87pc of monthly total global IP traffic; while business IP traffic (email, voice, Internet, HD and web-based video conferencing, etc.) will represent 13pc of monthly total global IP traffic.
In just a decade, the average global residential internet connection download speed has increased 35 times, which has helped to dramatically increase Internet usage. In 2000, the average global residential Internet connection download speed was 127 kilobits per second (Kbps).
The current (2010) average global residential Internet connection download speed is 4.4Mbps.