EU-27 will exceed 20pc renewable energy targets

4 Jan 2011

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One-third of EU electricity demand will be supplied from renewables by 2020. Wind energy will generate 14pc of Europe’s total electricity demand in 2020, with Ireland having the highest wind energy penetration level at 36.4pc of its total electricity demand, followed by Denmark at 31pc.

The European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) today published its analysis of the 27 national renewable energy action plans, submitted by the EU member states to the European Commission.

“Taken together, the action plans show that the EU-27 will meet 20.7pc of its 2020 energy consumption from renewables,” said Justin Wilkes, policy director of the EWEA.

  • Comprising 14pc of Europe’s total electricity demand in 2020, wind energy will be made up of 494 TWh from 213 GW installed capacity, more than any other renewable source, up from 4.2pc in 2009.
  • According to the report, 15 member states plan to exceed their national target, led by Bulgaria at +2.8pc above their target, Spain (+2.7pc), Greece (+2.2pc), Hungary (+1.7) and Germany (+1.6pc).
  • Meanwhile, 10 member states will meet their national target, and just two Member States, Luxembourg (-2.1pc) and Italy (-0.9pc), have informed the European Commission that they envisage using the co-operation mechanisms to meet their national targets.

“It is very encouraging that 25 of the 27 EU countries intend to either exceed or meet their target,” said Wilkes. “This shows the vast majority of EU countries clearly understand the benefits of deploying renewable energy technologies, particularly wind power.”

The 34pc of EU electricity demand met by renewables in 2020 is made up of:

  • 14pc from wind energy (10pc onshore, 4pc offshore)
  • 10.5pc from hydro
  • 6.6pc from biomass
  • 2.7pc from solar photovoltaic
  • 0.5pc from CSP
  • 0.3pc from geothermal and;
  • 0.1pc from ocean.

Renewable energy share in percentage per member state:

Country National binding target established by EU Directive 28/2009/EC NREAP target  Above/below target
Austria 34pc 34.2pc + 0.2 pc
Belgium 13pc 13pc 0pc
Bulgaria 16pc 18,8pc + 2.8pc
Cyprus 13pc 13pc 0pc
Czech Republic 13pc 13.5pc + 0.5pc
Denmark 30pc 30.4pc + 0.4pc
Estonia 25pc 25pc 0pc
Finland 38pc 38pc 0pc
France 23pc 23pc 0pc
Germany 18pc 19.6pc + 1.6pc
Greece 18pc 20.2pc + 2.2pc
Hungary 13pc 14.7pc + 1.7pc
Ireland 16pc 16pc 0pc
Italy 17pc 16.1pc – 0.9pc
Latvia 40pc 40pc 0pc
Lithuania 23pc 24pc + 1pc
Luxembourg 11pc 8.9pc – 2.1pc
Malta 10pc 10.2pc + 0.2pc
Netherlands 14pc 14.5pc + 0.5pc
Poland 15pc 15.5pc + 0.5pc
Portugal 31pc 31pc 0pc
Romania 24pc 24pc 0pc
Slovakia 14pc 15.3pc + 1.3pc
Slovenia 25pc 25.3pc + 0.3pc
Spain 20pc 22.7pc + 2.7pc
Sweden 49pc 50.2pc + 1.2pc
United Kingdom 15pc 15pc 0pc

Source: EWEA analysis of the 27 NREAPs

Electricity production in 2020, sorted by quantity of renewable energy:

Country 2020
Gross consumption of electricity (in Terrawatt hours, TWh) 2020
Electricity production from renewable energy (TWh) 2020 Electricity production from wind energy (TWh)
Germany 561.8 216.9 104.4
Spain 375.2 150.0 78.2
France 545.5 148.0 57.9
UK 376.7 117.0 78.3
Italy 374.7 98.9 20
Sweden 154.6 97.2 12.5
Austria 74.2 52.4 4.8
Netherlands 135.8 50.3 32.4
Portugal 64.5 35.6 14.6
Finland 101.6 33.4 6.1
Poland 169.8 32.4 15.2
Romania 73.7 31.4 8.4
Greece 68.5 27.3 16.8
Belgium 110.8 23.1 10.5
Denmark 37.8 19.6 11.7
Ireland 32.7 13.9 11.9
Czech Rep 84.1 12.1 1.5
Slovakia 33.3 8.0 0.6
Bulgaria 36.6 7.5 2.3
Slovenia 15.6 6.1 0.2
Hungary 51.4 5.6 1.6
Latvia 8.7 5.2 0.9
Lithuania 13.9 3.0 1.3
Estonia 10.9 1.9 1.5
Cyprus 7.4 1.2 0.5
Luxembourg 6.6 0.8 0.2
Malta 3.1 0.4 0.2
EU 27 3529.4 1199.0 494.7

Source: EWEA analysis of the 27 NREAPs

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Carmel was a long-time reporter with Siliconrepublic.com

editorial@siliconrepublic.com