Worldwide enterprise IT spending is projected to reach US$2.7 trillion in 2012, up 3.9pc from US$2.6 trillion in 2011, according to Gartner. Key trends such as cloud computing and social media in the workplace are top of the IT agenda.
While enterprise IT spending growth is slowing from the expected 5.9pc increase in 2011, analysts said it’s important to note that despite the global economic challenges, enterprises will continue to invest in IT.
Peter Sondergaard, senior vice-president at Gartner and global head of Research, provided the latest outlook for the IT industry today to an audience of 8,500 CIOs and IT leaders at Gartner Symposium/ITxpo, which is taking place in Orlando, Florida, through 20 October.
“The days when IT was the passive observer of the world are over. Global politics and the global economy are being shaped by IT,” Sondergaard said.
“IT is a primary driver of business growth. For example, this year, 350 companies will each invest more than US$1bn in IT. They are doing this because IT impacts their business performance.”
Sondergaard said two-thirds of CEOs believe IT will make a greater contribution to their industry in the next 10 years than any prior decades.
“For the IT leader to thrive in this environment, IT leaders must lead from the front and re-imagine IT,” Sondergaard said. “IT leaders must embrace the post-modern business, a business driven by customer relationships, fuelled by the explosion in information, collaboration and mobility.”
This new era brings with it urgent and compelling forces. They include: the cloud, social, mobility and an explosion in information.
“These forces are innovative and disruptive just taken on their own, but brought together, they are revolutionising business and society,” Sondergaard said.
“This nexus defines the next age of computing. To understand this change, you must appreciate each of the forces.”
The cloud combines the industrialisation of IT capabilities and the disruptive impact of new IT-led business models.
However, the shift away from traditional IT acquisition models to public cloud services is still in the very early stages.
For example, Gartner estimates that while $74bn was spent on public cloud services in 2010, that only represented 3pc of enterprise spending. But, public cloud services will grow five times faster than overall IT enterprise spending (19pc annually through 2015).
“What supply chain models did to manufacturing is what cloud computing is doing to in-house data centres. It is allowing people to optimise around where they have differentiated capabilities,” Sondergaard said.
The next stage of social computing is about mass customer, mass citizen, and mass employee involvement with enterprise systems.
“With 1.2bn people on social networks, 20pc of the world’s population, social computing is in its next phase,” Sondergaard said.
“IT leaders must immediately incorporate social software capabilities throughout their enterprise systems.”
Information is the new oil, analytics the combustion engine
The concept of one enterprise data warehouse containing all information needed for decisions is dead. Multiple systems, including content management, data warehouses, data marts and specialised file systems tied together with data services and metadata, will become the “logical” enterprise data warehouse.
“Information is the oil of the 21st century, and analytics is the combustion engine,” Sondergaard said.
“Pursuing this strategically will create an unprecedented amount of information of enormous variety and complexity. This is leading to a change in data management strategies known as big data. This creates what we call a pattern-based strategy architecture. An architecture that seeks signals, models them for their impact, and then adapt to the business process of the organisation.
The shift to mobile is overtaking many IT organisations
The shift to mobile is almost overtaking many IT organisations who can’t move fast enough to catch up. Mobile is not a coming trend. It has already happened. In 2010, the installed base of mobile PCs and smartphones exceeded that of desktop PCs.
Less than 20m media tablets, such as the iPad, were sold in 2010, but by 2016, 900m media tablets will be purchased – one for every eight people on earth. By 2014, the installed base of devices based on lightweight mobile operating systems, such as Apple’s iOS, Google’s Android, and Microsoft’s Windows 8 will exceed the total installed base of all PC-based systems.
“That’s incredible change, not only for individuals. It requires IT to re-imagine the way it provides applications,” Sondergaard said.
“By 2014, private app stores will be deployed by 60pc of IT organisations. The applications themselves will be redesigned – they will become context-enabled, understanding the user’s intent automatically. Mobile computing is not just the desktop on a handheld device. The future of mobile computing is context-aware computing.”
Cloud, social, information and mobile, combined the new nexus. Where data centres will give way to data clouds, mobile devices become windows into personal clouds. Personal computing will become massive collaborative computing, and information technologies will be overshadowed by information ecologies.
“The impact of these forces will make architectures of the last 20 years obsolete,” Sondergaard said.
“Together, they force the issue – they drive us to create the post-modern business, drive simplicity and force creative destruction.”