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With Gigglebit, we turn the spotlight on humorous and/or amazing content about science and tech, because sometimes the lighter side should be taken seriously, too.
This week, in honour of Ireland’s 19th annual Science Week, we’re focusing on science and today’s edition intends to amaze.
The theme of Science Week 2014 is ‘the power of science’ and co-ordinators SFI Discover plan on bringing this to schools, colleges, research institutes, companies, libraries and community centres across the country.
From the safety of the internet, we’re doing our bit to bring the power of science to your computer screens, with short glimpses of these powerful, mind-blowing experiments.
1. Elephant toothpaste
Elephant toothpast GIF via nugwain/GIFSoup
This experiment – also known as the iodine snake or the marshmallow experiment – has been many a young science student’s first and its explosive nature creates lasting memories. The reaction is caused by the rapid decomposition of hydrogen peroxide brought on by a catalyst, usually potassium iodide. The foaming explosion is the result of the secret ingredient: regular old liquid soap.
2. The ‘Whoosh’ bottle
‘Whoosh’ bottle GIF via obox/Reddit
In this popular classroom experiment demonstrating the fire triangle, a mixture of alcohol and air is ignited in a large polycarbonate bottle. The result is a rapid combustion reaction, often accompanied by a dramatic ‘whoosh’ sound – hence the name.
3. Electrical treeing
Electrical treeing GIF via Scopolamina/Reddit
It looks stunning but electrical ‘treeing’ is a damaging process caused by partial discharges. When this progresses through the stressed dielectric insulation, the result is this dendritic charge-drainage system – or a tree-like form, to those of us who haven’t studied electrical engineering.
4. Hot ice
Hot ice GIF via ‘hot ice (sodium acetate) beautiful science experiment’ by mike shin on YouTube
When sodium acetate trihydrate crystals are heated past their melting point, the resulting liquid can be allowed to cool to room temperature without reforming crystlals. In this GIF, a crystal of sodium acetate is introduced to the solution, which prompts the formation of crystals from a nucleation centre.
5. Burning ‘Vesuvian fire’
Burning Vesuvian fire GIF via ‘ammonium dichromate volcano’ by miffsmith7 on YouTube
Ammonium dichromate earned the nickname ‘Vesuvian fire’ for the way it looks when it’s set alight and its common use in science classrooms for tabletop volcano demonstrations.
6. The iodine clock
Iodine clock GIF ‘Incredible Chemical Reaction!’ by brusspup on YouTube
This chemical clock experiment demonstrates chemical kinetics in action and requires the mixing of very specific proportions of sodium sulfite, citric acid and sodium iodate. At first, all you get is a boring old glass of colourless liquid then, BOOM! Instant midnight. The inky blackness is the result of a change in concentration brought on by the mixture and, because the iodine clock depends so much on the proportion of the ingredients, you can even reverse the reaction with the slightest adjustment.
7. The Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction
Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction via Giphy
If you thought that chemical reactions are ruled by equilibrium thermodynamic behaviour, you were wrong! The Belousov-Zhabotinsky or BZ reaction is an oscillating chemical reaction that can be observed when bromine is added to an acid solution in a petri dish, providing a chemical model of nonequilibrium biological phenomena.
8. Explosive polymerisation
GIF via ‘EXP 1. Explosive Polymerization of p Nitro Aniline’ by plasticraincoat1 on YouTube
What looks like an overly strong cup of coffee is actually a process called ‘explosive polymerisation’ which occurs, in this case, when a few drops of concentrated sulfuric acid are added to about half a teaspoon of p-nitroaniline and heated over a Bunsen burner. Less than a minute later, this cup of punch-in-the-face is what you get. That’ll wake you up, alright.
9. Pharaoh’s serpent
Pharaoh’s serpent GIF via torrential_sinuses/Reddit
Basically, if you bring on the decomposition of mercury(II) thiocyanate by lighting this seemingly innocent white powder, you unleash the Kraken.
Get your early bird tickets now!